Directed por John Lasseter
Produced por Ralph Guggenheim
Bonnie Arnold
Ed Catmull
Screenplay por Joss Whedon
Andrew Stanton
Joel Cohen
Alec Sokolow
Story por John Lasseter
Pete Docter
Andrew Stanton
Joe Ranft
Starring Tom Hanks
Tim Allen
Don Rickles
Jim Varney
Wallace Shawn
John Ratzenberger
Annie Potts
John Morris
Laurie Metcalf
Erik von Detten
música por Randy Newman
Editing por Robert Gordon
Lee Unkrich
Studio pixar
Distributed por Walt disney Pictures
Release date(s) November 22, 1995 (1995-11-22)
Running time 81 minutos
Country United States
Language English
Budget $30 million
Gross revenue $361,958,736

Main Cast
Tom Hanks as Woody
Tim Allen as Buzz Lightyear
Don Rickles as Mr. Potato Head
Jim Varney as Slinky Dog
Wallace Shawn as Rex
John Ratzenberger as Hamm
Annie Potts as Bo Peep
John Morris as Andy Davis
Erik von Detten as Sid Phillips
Laurie Metcalf as Mom
R. Lee Ermey as Sarge
Sarah Freeman as Hannah Phillips
Penn Jillette as TV Announcer
Additional Voices
Joe Ranft as Lenny
Jeff Pidgeon as Squeeze Toy Aliens/Mr. Spell/Robot
Jack angel as Shark/Rocky Gibraltar
Debi Derryberry as Squeeze Toy Aliens/Pizza Planet Intercom

Toy Story is a 1995 American computer-animated film released por Walt disney Pictures. It is Pixar's first feature film as well as the first ever feature film to be made entirely with CGI. The film was directed por John Lasseter and featuring the voices of Tom Hanks and Tim Allen. It was written por Lasseter, Joss Whedon, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen and Alec Sokolow, and featured música por Randy Newman. Toy Story follows a group of toys who pretend to be lifeless whenever humans are present, and focuses on Woody, a pull-string cowboy doll (Hanks), and Buzz Lightyear, an astronaut action figure (Allen).

The top-grossing film on its opening weekend,[2] Toy Story went on to earn over $191 million in the United States and Canada during its initial theatrical release and took in mais than $361 million worldwide.[3] Reviews were overwhelmingly positive, praising both the technical innovation of the animation and the wit and sophistication of the screenplay.[4][5] Although the film was a huge box office success, the film is currently Pixar's lowest grossing film, while the film's segundo sequel, Toy Story 3, is their highest grossing film, earning over $1 billion worldwide.

In addition to DVD releases, Toy Story-inspired material has run the gamut from toys, video games, theme park attractions, spin-offs, and merchandise. View-Master released a three-reel set in 3D in 1995, prior to release of 3D films. The film was so successful it prompted a sequel released in 1999, Toy Story 2. Eleven years later, on June 18, 2010, an additional film, Toy Story 3, was also released. Both sequels were instant hits and garnered critical acclaim similar to the first. Leading up to the third film's premiere, as part of its promotion, Toy Story and Toy Story 2 were also re-released as a double feature in disney Digital 3-D on October 2, 2009.[6] The film was selected into the National Film Registry as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" in 2005, its first ano of eligibility.

Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story 1 2 and 3 and Disney's Activity Center: Toy Story were released for Windows and Mac.[96] Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story was the best selling software título of 1996, selling over 500,000 copies.[97] Two console video games were released for the film: the Toy Story video game, for the Sega Genesis, Super nintendo Entertainment System, Game Boy, and PC as well as Toy Story Racer, for the PlayStation (which contains elements from Toy Story 2).[98] pixar created original animations for all of the games, including fully animated sequences for the PC titles.

Toy Story had a large promotion prior to its release, leading to numerous tie-ins with the film including imagens on comida packaging.[31] A variety of merchandise was released during the film's theatrical run and its initial VHS release including toys, clothing, and shoes, among other things.[99] When an action figure for Buzz Lightyear and Sheriff Woody was created it was initially ignored por retailers. However, after over 250,000 figures were sold for each character prior to the film's release, demand continued to expand, eventually reaching over 25 million units sold por 2007.[40]

[edit] Sequels, shows, and spin-offsMain articles: Toy Story 2 and Toy Story 3
Toy Story has spawned two sequels: Toy Story 2 (1999) and Toy Story 3 (2010). Initially, the sequel to Toy Story was going to be a direct-to-video release, with development beginning in 1996.[83] However, after the cast from Toy Story returned and the story was considered to be better than that of a direct-to-video release, it was announced in 1998 that the sequel would see a theatrical release.[84] The sequel saw the return of the majority of the voice cast from Toy Story, and the film focuses on rescuing Woody after he is stolen at a yard sale. The film was even better received than the original por critics, earning a rare 100% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes, based on 125 reviews.[85] At Metacritic, the film earned a favorable rating of 88/100 based on 34 reviews.[86] The film's widest release was 3,257 theaters and it grossed $485,015,179 worldwide, becoming the second-most successful animated film after The Lion King at the time of its release.[87][88]

Toy Story 3 was released on June 18, 2010.[89] The film centers on the toys being accidentally donated to a day-care center when their owner Andy is preparing to go to college.[90] Again the majority of the cast from the prior two films returned. It was the first film in the franchise to be released in 3-D for its first run, though the first two films, which were originally released in 2-D, were re-released in 3-D in 2009 as a double feature.[89]

In November 1996, the disney on Ice: Toy Story ice show opened which featured the voices of the cast as well as the música por Randy Newman.[91] In April 2008, the disney Wonder cruise ship launched Toy Story: The Musical shows on its cruises.[92]

Toy Story also led to a spin-off direct-to-video animated film, Buzz Lightyear of estrela Command: The Adventure Begins, as well as the animated televisão series Buzz Lightyear of estrela Command.[93] The film and series followed Buzz Lightyear and his friends at estrela Command as they uphold justice across the galaxy. Although the film was criticized for not using the same animation as in Toy Story and Toy Story 2, it sold three million VHS and DVDs in its first week of release.[94][95] The series ran for two seasons.

"To infinity and beyond!"Buzz Lightyear's classic line "To infinity and beyond!" has seen usage not only on T-shirts, but among philosophers and mathematical theorists as well.[77][78][79] Lucia Hall of The Humanist linked the film's plot to an interpretation of humanism. She compared the phrase to "All this and heaven, too!", indicating one who is happy with a life on Earth as well as having an afterlife.[76] In 2008, during STS-124 astronauts took an action figure of Buzz Lightyear into o espaço on the Discovery o espaço Shuttle as part of an educational experience for students while stressing the catchphrase. The action figure was used for experiments in zero-g.[80] Also in 2008, the phrase made international news when it was reported that a father and son had continually repeated the phrase to help them keep track of each other while treading water for 15 hours in the Atlantic Ocean.[81][82]

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